National Holidays Around the World

The following table lists the date and name for select national holidays in countries around the world. Find the day, month, and year of inception for independence, revolution, flag, and founding days of more than 100 nations.

Country Date Holiday

Afghanistan August 19 (1919) Independence Day

Albania November 28 (1912) Independence Day

Algeria November 1 (1954) Revolution Day

American Samoa April 17 (1900) Flag Day

Andorra September 8 (1278) Our Lady of Meritxell Day

Angola November 11 (1975) Independence Day

Antigua and Barbuda November 1 (1981) Independence Day (National Day)

Argentina May 25 (1810) Revolution Day (Feriados Argentina)

Armenia September 21 (1991) Independence Day

Aruba March 18 (1976) Flag Day

Australia January 26 (1788) Australia Day

Austria October 26 (1955) National Day2

Azerbaijan May 28 (1918) Founding of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan

Bahamas July 10 (1973) Independence Day

Bahrain December 16 (1971) National Day3

Bangladesh March 26 (1971) Independence Day4

Barbados November 30 (1966) Independence Day

Belarus July 3 (1944) Independence Day5

Belgium July 21 (1831) Ascension to the Throne of King Leopold I

Belize September 21 (1981) Independence Day

Benin August 1 (1960) National Day

Bermuda May 24 Bermuda Day

Bhutan December 17 (1907) National Day6

Bolivia August 6 (1825) Independence Day

Bosnia and Herzegovina November 25 (1943) National Day

Botswana September 30 (1966) Independence Day (Botswana Day)

Brazil September 7 (1822) Independence Day

British Virgin Islands July 1 (1956) Territory Day

Brunei February 23 (1984) National Day7

Bulgaria March 3 (1878) Liberation Day

Burkina Faso December 11 (1958) Republic Day

Burundi July 1 (1962) Independence Day

Cambodia November 9 (1953) Independence Day

Cameroon May 20 (1972) Republic Day (National Day)

Canada July 1 (1867) Canada Day

Cape Verde July 5 (1975) Independence Day

Cayman Islands First Monday in July Constitution Day

Central African Republic December 1 (1958) Republic Day

Chad August 11 (1960) Independence Day

Chile September 18 (1810) Independence Day

China, People’s Rep. of October 1 (1949) Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China

Colombia July 20 (1810) Independence Day

Comoros July 6 (1975) Independence Day

Congo August 15 (1960) Independence Day

Congo, Dem. Rep. of June 30 (1960) Independence Day

Cook Islands First Monday in August (1965) Constitution Day

Costa Rica September 15 (1821) Independence Day

Côte d’Ivoire August 7 (1960) Independence Day

Croatia October 8 (1991) Independence Day8

Cuba January 1 (1959) Triumph of the Revolution

Cyprus October 1 (1960) Independence Day9

Czech Rep. October 28 (1918) Czech Founding Day

Denmark June 5 (1849) Constitution Day10

Djibouti June 27 (1977) Independence Day

Dominica November 3 (1978) Independence Day

Dominican Rep. February 27 (1844) Independence Day

East Timor November 28 (1975) Independence Day

Ecuador August 10 (1809) Independence Day (independence of Quito)

Egypt July 23 (1952) Revolution Day

El Salvador September 15 (1821) Independence Day

Equatorial Guinea October 12 (1968) Independence Day

Eritrea May 24 (1993) Independence Day

Estonia February 24 (1918) Independence Day11

Ethiopia May 28 (1991) National Day (defeat of Mengistu regime)

European Union May 9 (1950) Europe Day12

Fiji 2nd Monday of October (1970) Independence Day

Finland December 6 (1917) Independence Day

France July 14 (1790) Fete de la Federation13

French Polynesia July 14 (1789) Bastille Day

Gabon August 17 (1960) Independence Day

Gambia, The February 18 (1965) Independence Day

Georgia May 26 (1918) Independence Day14

Germany October 3 (1990) Unity Day

Ghana March 6 (1957) Independence Day

Gibraltar September 10 (1967) National Day15

Greece March 25 (1821) Independence Day

Greenland June 21 Longest day

Grenada February 7 (1974) Independence Day

Guam 1st Monday in March (1521) Discovery Day

Guatemala September 15 (1821) Independence Day

Guernsey May 9 (1945) Liberation Day

Guinea October 2 (1958) Independence Day

Guinea-Bissau September 24 (1973) Independence Day

Guyana February 23 (1970) Republic Day

Haiti January 1 (1804) Independence Day

Holy See (Vatican City) April 24 (2005) Coronation Day of Pope Benedict XVI

Honduras September 15 (1821) Independence Day

Hong Kong October 1 (1949) National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China)16

Hungary August 20 Saint Stephen’s Day

Iceland June 17 (1944) Independence Day

India January 26 (1950) Republic Day

Indonesia August 17 (1945) Independence Day

Iran April 1 (1979) Republic Day

Iraq July 17 (1968) Revolution Day17

Ireland March 17 Saint Patrick’s Day

Isle of Man July 5 Tynwald Day

Israel April or May 14 (1948) Independence Day1

Italy June 2 (1946) Republic Day

Jamaica August 6 (1962) Independence Day

Japan December 23 (1933) Birthday of Emperor Akihito

Jersey May 9 (1945) Liberation Day

Jordan May 25 (1946) Independence Day

Kazakhstan December 16 (1991) Independence Day

Kenya December 12 (1963) Independence Day

Kiribati July 12 (1979) Independence Day

Korea (North) September 9 (1948) Founding of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Korea (South) August 15 (1945) Liberation Day

Kuwait February 25 (1950) National Day

Kyrgyzstan August 31 (1991) Independence Day

Laos December 2 (1975) Republic Day

Latvia November 18 (1918) Independence Day18

Lebanon November 22 (1943) Independence Day

Lesotho October 4 (1966) Independence Day

Liberia July 26 (1847) Independence Day

Libya September 1 (1969) Revolution Day

Liechtenstein August 15 Assumption Day

Lithuania February 16 (1918) Independence Day19

Luxembourg June 23 National Day (Birthday of Grand Duchess Charlotte)20

Macau October 1 (1949) National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China)21

Macedonia August 2 (1903) Ilinden Uprising Day22

Madagascar June 26 (1960) Independence Day

Malawi July 6 (1964) Independence Day (Republic Day)

Malaysia August 31 (1957) Independence Day/Malaysia Day

Maldives July 26 (1965) Independence Day

Mali September 22 (1960) Independence Day

Malta September 21 (1964) Independence Day

Marshall Islands May 1 (1979) Constitution Day

Mauritania November 28 (1960) Independence Day

Mauritius March 12 (1968) Independence Day

Mayotte July 14 (1789) Bastille Day

Mexico September 16 (1810) Independence Day

Micronesia, Federated States of May 10 (1979) Constitution Day

Moldova August 27 (1991) Independence Day

Monaco November 19 (1857) National Day (Saint Rainier’s Day)

Mongolia July 11 (1921) Independence Day/Revolution Day

Montenegro July 13 (1878) National Day

Morocco July 30 (1999) Throne Day (accession of King Mohamed VI to the throne)

Mozambique June 25 (1975) Independence Day

Namibia March 21 (1990) Independence Day

Nauru January 31 (1968) Independence Day

Netherlands April 30 (1909 and 1980) Queen’s Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother Juliana and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter Beatrix)

Netherlands Antilles April 30 (1909 and 1980) Queen’s Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother Juliana and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter Beatrix)

New Caledonia July 14 (1789) Bastille Day

New Zealand February 6 (1840) Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand)

Nicaragua September 15 (1821) Independence Day

Niger December 18 (1958) Republic Day

Nigeria October 1 (1960) Independence Day (National Day)

Niue February 6 (1840) Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand)

Norfolk Island June 8 (1856) Bounty Day (commemorates the arrival of Pitcairn Islanders)

Northern Mariana Islands January 8 (1978) Commonwealth Day

Norway May 17 (1814) Constitution Day

Oman November 18 (1940) Birthday of Sultan Qaboos

Pakistan March 23 (1956) Republic Day

Palau July 9 (1979) Constitution Day

Panama November 3 (1903) Independence Day

Papua New Guinea September 16 (1975) Independence Day

Paraguay May 14–15 (1811) Independence Day

Peru July 28 (1821) Independence Day

Philippines June 12 (1898) Independence Day23

Poland May 3 (1791) Constitution Day

Portugal June 10 (1580) Portugal Day (Day of Portugal)24

Qatar September 3 (1971) Independence Day

Romania December 1 (1918) Unification Day (of Romania and Transylvania)

Russia June 12 (1990) Russia Day

Rwanda July 1 (1962) Independence Day

St. Kitts and Nevis September 19 (1983) Independence Day

St. Lucia February 22 (1979) Independence Day

St. Martin July 14 (1789) Bastille Day25

St. Pierre and Miquelon July 14 (1789) Bastille Day

St. Vincent and the Grenadines October 27 (1979) Independence Day

Samoa June 1 (1962) Independence Day Celebration26

San Marino September 3 (A.D. 301) Founding of the Republic

São Tomé and Príncipe July 12 (1975) Independence Day

Saudi Arabia September 23 (1932) Unification of the Kingdom

Senegal April 4 (1960) Independence Day

Serbia February 15 National Day

Seychelles June 18 (1993) Constitution Day (National Day)

Sierra Leone April 27 (1961) Independence Day

Singapore August 9 (1965) National Day

Slovakia September 1 (1992) Constitution Day

Slovenia June 25 (1991) Independence Day/Statehood Day

Solomon Islands July 7 (1978) Independence Day

Somalia July 1 (1960) Foundation of the Somali Republic27

South Africa April 27 (1994) Freedom Day

Spain October 12 (1492) National Day28

Sri Lanka February 4 (1948) Independence Day

Sudan January 1 (1956) Independence Day

Suriname November 25 (1975) Independence Day

Swaziland September 6 (1968) Independence Day

Sweden June 6 (1916) Swedish Flag Day, National Day (1983)

Switzerland August 1 (1291) Founding of the Swiss Confederation

Syria April 17 (1946) Independence Day

Taiwan October 10 (1911) Republic Day (Anniversary of the Chinese Revolution)

Tajikistan September 9 (1991) Independence Day (or National Day)

Tanzania April 26 (1964) Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar)

Thailand December 5 (1927) Birthday of King Phumiphon (Bhumibol)

Togo April 27 (1960) Independence Day

Tokelau February 6 (1840) Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand)

Tonga June 4 (1970) Emancipation Day

Trinidad and Tobago August 31 (1962) Independence Day

Tunisia March 20 (1956) Independence Day29

Turkey October 29 (1923) Republic Day

Turkmenistan October 27 (1991) Independence Day

Turks and Caicos Islands August 30 (1976) Constitution Day

Tuvalu October 1 (1978) Independence Day

Uganda October 9 (1962) Independence Day

Ukraine August 24 (1991) Independence Day30

United Arab Emirates December 2 (1971) Independence Day

United States July 4 (1776) Independence Day

Uruguay August 25 (1825) Independence Day

Uzbekistan September 1 (1991) Independence Day

Vanuatu July 30 (1980) Independence Day

Venezuela July 5 (1811) Independence Day

Vietnam September 2 (1945) Independence Day

Virgin Islands March 27 (1917) Transfer Day (from Denmark to the US)

Wallis and Futuna July 14 (1789) Bastille Day

Yemen May 22 (1990) Unification Day

Zambia October 24 (1964) Independence Day

Zimbabwe April 18 (1980) Independence Day

1. Israel declared independence on May 14, 1948, but the Jewish calendar is lunar and the holiday may occur in April or May

2. Commemorates the passage of the law on permanent neutrality

3. August 15, 1971 was the date of independence from the UK, December 16, 1971, was the date of independence from British protection

4. March 26, 1971 is the date of independence from West Pakistan, December 16, 1971 is Victory Day and commemorates the official creation of the state of Bangladesh

5. July 3, 1944 was the date Minsk was liberated from German troops, August 25, 1991 was the date of Independence from the Soviet Union

6. Ugyen Wangchuck became first hereditary king

7. January 1, 1984 was the date of Independence from the UK, February 23, 1984 was the date of independence from British protection

8. June 25, 1991 was the day the Croatian Parliament voted for independence; following a three-month moratorium to allow the European Community to solve the Yugoslav crisis peacefully, Parliament adopted a decision on October 8, 1991 to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia

9. Turkish Cypriots celebrate November 15, 1983 as Independence Day

10. Generally viewed as the National Day

11. February 24, 1918 was the date Estonia declared its independence from Soviet Russia; August 20, 1991 was the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union

12. A Union-wide holiday, the day that Robert SCHUMAN proposed the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community to achieve an organized Europe

13. Although often incorrectly referred to as Bastille Day, the celebration actually commemorates the holiday held on the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille (on July 14, 1789) and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy; other names for the holiday are Fete Nationale (National Holiday) and quatorze juillet (14th of July)

14. May 26, 1918 was the date of independence from Soviet Russia, April 9, 1991 was the date of independence from the Soviet Union

15. Day of the national referendum to decide whether to remain with the UK or go with Spain

16. July 1, 1997 is celebrated as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day

17. This holiday was celebrated under the Saddam Husayn regime; the Government of Iraq has yet to declare a new national holiday

18. November 18, 1918 was the date Latvia declared itself independent from Soviet Russia; May 4, 1990 is when it declared the renewal of independence; August 21, 1991 was the date of de facto independence from the Soviet Union

19. February 16, 1918 was the date Lithuania declared its independence from Soviet Russia and established its statehood; 11 March 1990 was the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union

20. The actual date of birth was 23 January 1896, but the festivities were shifted by five months to allow observance during a more favorable time of year

21. December 20, 1999 is celebrated as Macau Special Administrative Region Establishment Day

22. Also known as Saint Elijah’s Day

23. June 12, 1898 was date of declaration of independence from Spain; July 4, 1946 was date of independence from US

24. Also called Camoes Day, the day that revered national poet Luis de Camoes (1524-80) died

25. Local holiday is Schoalcher Day (Slavery Abolition Day) July 12 (1848)

26. January 1, 1962 is the date of independence from the New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship; it is observed in June

27. June 26 (1960) in Somaliland

28. Year when Columbus first set foot in the Americas

29. Also the anniversary of Ben Ali’s assumption of the presidency, November 7 (1987)

30. January 22, 1918, the day Ukraine first declared its independence (from Soviet Russia) and the day the short-lived Western and Central Ukrainian republics united (1919), is now celebrated as Unity Day

Source: CIA World Factbook.

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